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Boycott Calls Against Israel
Policing Project by Bar-Ilan University Under Threat of BDS

20.12.17
Editorial Note

A remarkable Bar-Ilan initiative, LAW - TRAIN, a police training using virtual reality environment funded by the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, is under threat by BDS pressure.

The EU project LAW‐TRAIN, which kicked‐off in June 2015 at Bar-Ilan University, "aims to develop a mixed‐reality serious gaming platform, which will provide training opportunities for teams of international interrogators anytime and anywhere."  Within this platform, a virtual suspect which generates verbal and physical response can be interrogated. The system provides tools to easily generate new characters and scenarios. An intervention agent would follow the training and comment online on the team members’ performance. Augmented reality glasses will be used to create enhanced realism of the interrogation situation.

The LAW-TRAIN rationale postulates that crime such as drug trafficking is a multi-national phenomenon which often leads to cross-border investigations. These are beset by obstacles and miscommunication due to different cultural and legal aspects. With LAW-TRAIN, the police forces can cut costs while effectively train their officers in the conduct of joint investigative interviews through the virtual reality training platform. LAW-TRAIN is a multinational project, having technical, methodological and end-user partners from different countries, to create a new and innovative way of training of joint investigative interviews. The project offers the opportunity to train within a virtual reality environment, with both virtual and real characters. The partners of this project intend to create a framework and scenarios for teaching interviews concerning international drug trafficking, in order to train police personnel in such interviews.

The coordinator of the project is Professor Sarit Kraus, the head of department of Computer Science at Bar Ilan University and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland. Her research focuses on intelligent agents and multi-agent systems of people and robots.

In addition to Bar-Ilan University and the Israel Police, another Israeli partner is Compedia, a leading developer of interactive educational systems, content and technology. The international partners include the University of Leuven in Belgium and the Belgian federal prosecution service; the armed forces of Spain, and the Vienna-based USECON consultancy agency.   At the latest consortium meeting which was held in Vienna by the end of November, the partners had the chance to view and interact with the latest version of the state of the art 3D virtual reality environments.  

However, just like in any realm of activity that involves Israel these days, in August 2016 one of the initial partners, the Portuguese government, pulled out from the project possibly as a result of pressure directed from the Palestinians. The Portuguese Government denied that the departure was a result of political pressure and the spokesperson of the Justice Ministry of Portugal explained the move was due to internal re-prioritization and shortage in manpower. This was a major blow to the project as Portugal is a main entry point of illegal drugs into Europe.

Palestinian groups continue to pressure European entities. In March 2017 the The European Coordination of Committees and Associations for Palestine published a dossier addressing the European Parliament Committee of Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).

Unfortunately, on the 6th of December 2017, Luc Sels, the rector of the University of Leuven. Belgium stated  that the university will complete the current stage of the project but not take part in the next stage due to commence in April 2018. He wrote, "The Israeli Ministry of Public Security's participation does indeed pose an ethical problem in view of the role played by this strong arm of the Israeli government in forcing an unlawful occupation of the Palestinian territories and the associated repression that the Palestinian population is undergoing. Several credible sources, including Peter Bouckaert of Human Rights Watch (to whom KU Leuven rightly awarded an honorary doctorate last year), have documented these violations of international law. I therefore do not consider it appropriate to submit follow-up projects with an identical consortium."

It's worth noting that the drug trafficking prevention was dealt a major blow in recent years when, as it was revealed, a U.S. task force that intended to target Hezbollah's billion-dollar drug traffic and money laundering network spanning four continents, was blocked by the White House's ambition for a nuclear deal with Iran. In June, the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs has held a hearing “Attacking Hezbollah’s Financial Network: Policy Options" noting that that the Obama administration was keen to get a nuclear deal with Iran therefore “disbanded,” “derailed,” and “put on ice” key investigations and prosecutions of Hezbollah leaders.  The hearing transcript stated that prior to the Iran nuclear deal, the U.S. Government was seriously disrupting Hezbollah’s financial network, but to appease Iran, the Obama administration stopped key investigations.

Israel needs to double its effort to promote projects like this, which was pioneered by Bar Ilan University.  Drug trafficking is a serious international problem which affects Israel as well. Simha Landau from the Hebrew University demonstrated it in a chapter  "The effects of terrorism on crime patterns in society: the case of Israel." He noted that there is strong evidence that drug trafficking and smuggling into Israel is closely related to terrorism. For instance, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine- General Command has been using infrastructure in Lebanon to support drug trafficking as one source of income. 

Israeli military sources confirm that Palestinian terrorist groups are closely involved in these operations. Terrorist groups generally rely on activities associated with organized crime in order to finance their activities.  One of the reports mentioned by Landau demonstrates the activities of at least 30 ongoing terrorist campaigns all over the world as supported by illegal drugs, the chief commodity of organized crime. Radical Islamic groups including Hamas and Hezbollah have been operating in the U.S., South America, and the Middle East. 

From the perspective of the Palestinians, the focus on the Bar Ilan program serves two goals.  It is one more front in the diverse BDS campaign which the Palestinians and their supporters have launched in the past decade.  But it may also serve to prevent information on the widespread use of drug trafficking by Palestinian terror groups.

  



A human rights charter as a guideline for international research projects
BY LUC SELS. My first hundred days as rector were uncommonly fascinating, but I also got some difficult files on my plate. The issue of LAW-TRAIN, for example, an international research project on improving questioning techniques, in which KU Leuven but also the Israeli police are involved. The latter put bad blood in an action group. They ask for immediate suspension of cooperation. A difficult question that deserves a nuanced answer.
Written by Luc Sels, rector of KU Leuven. He tweet via @LucSels .
The days of a rector are well filled. You will not be surprised. The new board has had its first hundred days behind it. During that period I learned that our university has a few surprises in store every day. It is a pleasure to get to know the many people who make our university what it is. It is extraordinarily interesting to learn every day at the many visits and meetings. But I also regularly get tough questions on my plate. One of the difficult questions that were immediately presented to me at the start of my mandate was how I feel about the current European research project LAW-TRAIN. The cake that I received at the opening of the academic year of the action group has now been consumed. The question itself required a somewhat longer digestion.
For those who do not know the project yet, I would like to give some explanation. The goal of LAW-TRAIN  is to strengthen the transnational cooperation between police forces in their fight against drug-related crime by enabling training in conducting joint police investigations. For example, a virtual training tool is being developed that gives a team of policemen from different countries the chance to prepare a hearing of a (virtual) suspect together, from their respective locations and within the framework of a broader transnational police investigation. to be carried out. One of the partners in this project is the Israeli police. The action group asks that the research project, and therefore all related contracts, be stopped without delay.
Really no simple matter. In the past few weeks I have therefore been thoroughly informed about LAW-TRAIN, with attention for the project objectives, the consortium and the tasks of the KU Leuven researchers. I also had very useful, open and in-depth discussions with both the researchers responsible for the Leuven section of the project and with representatives of the action group. I would like to thank all those involved for the open exchange of views and serene discussions. My position on LAW-TRAIN can be summarized in the following three points:
  1. the KU Leuven research group can complete the current project, which ends in April 2018;
  2. the KU Leuven will, where appropriate, not participate in a follow-up project with the current consortium;
  3. KU Leuven is committed to developing a human rights charter that will provide a better basis for participation in research projects in the future.
I would like to further explain each of these three points.
Continuation of the current project
I want to give the Leuven research group the space to complete the project further. I support on substantive considerations and on contractual grounds.
I do not doubt the integrity of KU Leuven researchers. Their contribution also has a clear added value for the LAW-TRAIN project as a whole. In their activities, our researchers are responsible for designing the already mentioned virtual training tool for interrogation techniques. Their contribution is not only aimed at the correct application of human rights in such a context, but explicitly builds on internationally recognized best practices of information-providing interrogation. In this way, the project contributes to the development and application of humane interviewing techniques. The Leuven contribution to the project is a positive factor from the perspective of human rights.
A LATE EXIT MIGHT ONLY RESULT IN THE REPUTATION OF KU LEUVEN BEING DAMAGED AS A RELIABLE CONTRACT PARTNER.
In an H2020 project such as LAW-TRAIN, the consortium carries a collective responsibility. KU Leuven can not unilaterally step out of such a project, but must reach an agreement on this with the other parties. After all, they would have to take over the KU Leuven work packages. A late departure would only result in the reputation of KU Leuven being damaged as a reliable contract partner. In this context, I also wish to underline the importance of consistency. KU Leuven indicated on behalf of the previous board that the project could be continued. The contract partners have, in good faith, continued with this decision. A total reversal of this position is difficult to realize at this stage.
No follow-up project with the current consortium
KU Leuven will continue to complete the current project, but will no longer participate in a follow-up project with the current consortium.
LAW-TRAIN can hardly be assessed separately from the concrete composition of the consortium. It is just here that the problem is situated. The Israeli Ministry of Public Security's participation does indeed pose an ethical problem in view of the role played by this strong arm of the Israeli government in forcing an unlawful occupation of the Palestinian territories and the associated repression that the Palestinian population is undergoing. Several credible sources, including Peter Bouckaert of Human Rights Watch (to whom KU Leuven rightly awarded an honorary doctorate last year), have documented these violations of international law. I therefore do not consider it appropriate to submit follow-up projects with an identical consortium. Incidentally, we note that the rights of man are also being trampled on the side of certain Palestinian organizations. In my approach, therefore, it is not about choosing a party in this sometimes hopeless struggle.
THE PARTICIPATION OF THE ISRAELI MINISTRY OF PUBLIC SECURITY INDEED POSES AN ETHICAL PROBLEM.
Need for a human rights charter
Finally, I propose that KU Leuven should commit to developing a human rights charter that could provide a better basis for participation in research projects in the future.
However much post factum we can establish that our association with the Israeli Ministry of Public Security is problematic, our researchers can not be blamed for having accepted this invitation, as we are currently lacking a framework that allows us to kind of situations.
I want to make serious work of such a frame of reference in the coming months. I would also like to say that a general boycott of countries where human rights are not respected can not be the intention. Academic collaborations are primarily collaborations between researchers, between people. A boycott would mean that we force these - often regimetric - researchers into an international isolation. Working with them, on the other hand, often leads to an "empowerment" and contributes to their visibility and internal freedom.
A GENERAL BOYCOTT OF COUNTRIES WHERE HUMAN RIGHTS ARE NOT RESPECTED CAN NOT BE THE INTENTION.
We do not strive for a formalistic approach that would require an approval procedure. However, we must provide our researchers and ethical committees with a guideline that can give them guidance in the future when deciding whether or not to join a project. We strive to use objective or objectifiable criteria as much as possible. This can be done in the form of a human rights charter. At the level of the VLIR, I will propose the four other Flemish rectors to have such a charter developed by experts from the five universities. The status of such a charter and the way in which we will use it in our policy must then be the subject of a discussion on our internal policy bodies.
WE MUST PROVIDE OUR RESEARCHERS WITH A GUIDELINE THAT CAN GIVE THEM GUIDANCE IN THE FUTURE WHEN DECIDING WHETHER OR NOT TO JOIN A PROJECT.
We will certainly return to these and other complex questions in the coming period. It is therefore very important matters, which we as academics should discuss in an open and constructive atmosphere.
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The dossier has been prepared and endorsed by:
The Palestinian Stop the Wall Campaign
The European Coordination of Committees and Associations for Palestine (ECCP)
The Belgian Stop Law Train Coalition
The LAW TRAIN project: concerns go unaddressed
Recommendations for the ITRE Committee
Considering the current situation in Palestine and of global diplomacy, it is ever more urgent for the EU to ensure the basics: Respect for international law and human rights and fulfilment
of the international duty not to aid and assist in grave breaches of international law.

The Horizon2020 project LAW TRAIN, that develops technology to unify methodology for police questioning, encounters growing opposition. It is coordinated from Israel and includes as partners the Israeli Ministry of Public Security/Israeli National Police, the Federal Public Service of Justice of Belgium and the Ministry of Interior of Spain/Guardia Civil. The Ministry of Justice of Portugal/Judiciary Police has withdrawn from the project after pressure from civil society.
Palestinian and European civil society, including the European Coordination of Committees for Palestine (ECCP), the Portuguese Coalition against the Horizon2020 project LAW TRAIN, the Belgium Coalition against LAW TRAIN1, and MEPs have raised questions regarding the LAW TRAIN project the implications of the participation of the Israeli military, police and
homeland security sector in EU funding programs (FP7, Horizon2020):
 aggression and with this war crimes and grave violations of human rights and international law by Israel. 
An immediate cancellation of the LAW TRIAN project is a necessity:
 To comply with the international duty (1) to take effective measures to halt grave breaches of international law, such as the use for torture ad ill-treatment and the illegal settlement project in the OPT, including East Jerusalem (2) not to aid and assist grave breaches of international law nor maintain the situation created by them.2
 Considering that the EU has no means to stop Israeli companies from misusing the technology and know-how developed through their R&D funding, this is the only way to comply with EU Horizon2020 ethics regulations:
 To avoid the risk of misuse or malevolent use of research results for unethical purposes
 To avoid Mission/Func'tion Creep of technology/information/data harmful for fundamental ethical values or civil rights.

An analysis of the responses received so far from the European Commission (EC) to civil society and MEPs shows that:
 The EC shields the projects from scrutiny to the point of offering information that is prone to mislead MEPs.
  
We therefore urge the European Union, and in particular the ITRE Committee during the 2017 Review Process of Horizon 2020 to, at a minimum, ensure strict application of existing EU regulations and positions as regards to the participation of Israel and non-member states in the EU funding cycles, especially given the lack of oversight beyond the projects:
1. The EU guidelines on Misuse/Malevolent use3 and on Mission and Fun'ction Creep have to be implemented through clear, transparent and effective mechanisms. Especially entities from non-EU member states participating in EU research funding and with a long track record of human rights violations have to be excluded from participation in any research that produces knowledge or technology that risks being misused or produce mission or fun'ction creep.
2. The current contradiction between EU policy and EU funding has to be solved: The EU can’t fund the actors based in third states that implement or are responsible for actions the EU considers grave violations of international law and human rights.
3. The 2013 guidelines need to be reviewed to exclude Israeli national institutions headquartered in the OPT. The EC has proven unable to monitor whether their research activities are implemented in the OPTs or not.
4. The audits and review processes of the EC show serious flaws that need to be rectified: (1) Technical and ethics review documents need to be public for scrutiny (2) Reviews need to be independent, impartial, respond to concerns raised and allow at least participation of ITRE committee members. (3) ‘Independent’ experts cannot be selected/appointed by project partners or the EC but by impartial actors.

http://www.eccpalestine.org/eccp-holds-cross-party-public-hearing-held-in-the-european-parliament-israels-participation-in-horizon-2020-aiding-and-assisting-israeli-violations-of-international-law/
See, for example, the decision of the International Court of Justice on the legal consequences of Israel’s construction of theWall.  http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?p1=3&p2=4&case=131&p3=4
Misuse/Malevolent use concerns research involving or generating materials, methods or knowledge that could be misused for unethical purposes. The EC states:“Although anything could ultimately be used for malevolent purposes, research in this category is that which provides terrorists or criminals with information or technologies that would have substantial direct impacts on the security of individuals, groups or states.” http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/other/hi/guide_research-misuse_en.pdf

Annex: Concerns regarding LAW TRAIN
The main concerns that have been consistently raised by Palestinian and European civil society as well as MEPs are: 
prison staff and, in particular, the Israeli National Police is politically and ethically unacceptable and legally problematic.

Both institutions are deeply involved in Israeli practices of torture, ill-treatment and other human rights violations. I.e.:
▪ recommending over 50 measures for Israel to end its use of torture.▪ 
◦ Such cooperation legitimises Israel’s most cruel policies – the daily repression of the Palestinian people (incl. physical and psychological torture, ill-treatment, arbitrary detention, threats, racial discrimination, etc.).
◦ Recognizes as legal the Israeli system of control and military repression, which includes illegal methodologies for 'interrogation', and assists in its maintenance.
◦ Considering the fungibility of know-how, such cooperation facilitates the overall operations of the partners involved, including the illegal interrogation practices of the Israeli police.
With LAW TRAIN, the EU and member states violate their obligations under international law and contradict EU policy on torture which states that ‘To work towards the prevention and the eradication of all forms of torture and ill-treatment within the EU and world-wide is a strongly held policy view of all EU member states.’7
 
◦ VP Mogherini has recently reiterated the EU position on Jerusalem, in reaction to US plans to move its embassy.8
◦ Mr Moedas has stressed that according to the 2013 guidelines on the eligibility of Israeli entities even in the case of Israeli public entities operating at national level ‘may not carry out research activities in the Occupied Territories’.
Our concerns regarding the response of the European Commission
The DG Research & Innovation of the European Commission and the VP Federica Mogherini have received reports, letters, visits and questions by civil society and MEPs.
Answers of the EC to questions by 30 MEPs from all political factionson the participation of the Israeli military, police and homeland security sector in Horizon2020 and the LAW TRAIN project in particular didn’t address their legal and ethical concerns nor the EU’s related responsibilities but:
     
‘Guidelines to EU policy towards third countries on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/TortureGuidelines.pdf
"The EU will continue to respect the international consensus contained in (UN Security Council) Resolution 478 from 1980", Mogherini said.http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/en/news/sections/politics/2017/01/16/eu-concerned-over-us-jerusalem-embassy-idea-
mogherini-says_6ce6a85f-7d42-4df9-9c9e-a1f365522319.html

Lack of transparency and impartiality of the European Commission – the case of LAW TRAIN
‘Secretive’ nature of the review process:
  The technical review seems to have been essentially an effort to shield the project from public criticism:     
◦ The appointment of ‘independent expert’ and an ‘ethics review’ in such circumstances provide further shielding from impartial scrutiny:
▪ ▪ 
The technical review has not addressed any of the concerns:
 
 whether there is a mechanism to control no parts of the activities are done in the OPT. In fact, the technical review minutes indicate that there is no such mechanism.
 the fact that legitimisation of such cooperation opens doors so that such practices can spread to European Law Enforcement Authorities.11
The EC has therefore given answers prone to mislead the MEPs as to the true state of oversight and impartiality of the EC.
This is in particular the case of the answer to MEP Bart Staes by Mr Moedas.
10 The concerns raised by MEP Bart Staes in its question have clearly not been addressed: ‘Did the evaluation of the LAW-TRAIN project consider the fact that the Israeli Ministry of Public Security and the Israeli National Police are directly involved in grave violations of human rights, including torture, ill treatment and inhumane and degrading treatment? Considering that part of the project activities are Skype calls organised by Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel, one of the project participants, and that the headquarters of the Israeli National Police are part of the Israeli illegal settlement policy in East Jerusalem, has any consideration been given to the fact that, with this part of the project, activities may be carried out in occupied East Jerusalem? If so, what conclusions have been drawn?’
11 For a case of negative impact of cooperation, see the CIA’s acknowledgement of the “Israeli example” as an inspiration and justification for its practices demonstrates the danger of Israel’s influence in undermining international legal principles. - https://972mag.com/u-s-torture-report-shows-the-danger-of-israels-legal-loopholes/100024/


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Parliamentary Activity and Legislative Process

Home> Parliamentary Activity and Legislative Process> Parliamentary Hearing
Parliamentary Hearing
Committee on Constitutional Affairs, Rights, Freedoms and Guarantees
 
Parliamentary Hearing No. 24-CACDLG-XIII

Subject: Hearing on Portugal's participation in the European Law-Train Project
Audience Date: 2016-11-24
Awarded by: Presid. Commission

Entities received
Movement for the Rights of the Palestinian People and Peace in the Middle East
   José Oliveira - Movement for the Rights of the Palestinian People and for Peace in the Middle East
   Filipe Ferreira - Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation
   Regina Marques - Democratic Women's Movement


Senhor Presidente daComissão de Assuntos Constitucionais,Direitos, Liberdades e Garantiasda Assembleia da República
Palácio de S. Bento 1249-068 Lisboa 
Assunto: Projecto Law Train — Solicitação de audiência Lisboa, 26 de Julho de 2016 
Excelentíssimo Senhor Presidente Organizações portuguesas empenhadas na defesa das liberdades e dos direitos humanos encaramcom muita preocupação a participação de Portugal no projecto Law Train em parceria com oMinistério da Segurança Pública de Israel, responsável pelas forças policiais, que são há muitodenunciadas por organizações dos direitos humanos e pelas Nações Unidas por integrarem nos seusinterrogatórios a tortura, os maus tratos, o racismo e outras formas de violação dos direitoshumanos, e responsável também pelas prisões onde se encontram milhares de presos e detidosadministrativos (sem culpa formada) palestinos. O MPPM — Movimento pelos Direitos do Povo Palestino e pela Paz no Médio Oriente — emrepresentação das organizações subscritoras do apelo para que Portugal abandone o projecto LawTrain, que se anexa, vem solicitar a V. Exº uma audiência para que possam apresentardetalhadamente os fundamentos da sua posição. expectativa de uma resposta favorável, subscrevemo-nos com os nossos respeitosos%"| ireçção Nacional do MPPM Maria do Céu Guerra º Presidente MPPM — MOVIMENTO PELOS DIREITOS DO POVO PALESTINO E PELA PAZ NO MÉDIO ORIENTEPresidente da Assembleia Geral | Carlos Araújo SequeiraPresidente da Direcção Nacional | Maria do Céu GuerraVice-Presidentes | Adel Sidarus, Carlos Almeida, Frei Bento DominguesPresidente do Conselho Fiscal | Frederico Gama CarvalhoRua Silva Carvalho, 184 — 19 Dtº | 1250-258 Lisboa | Portugal || Tel. 213889076 | NIPC: 508267030 mppm.palestina@gmail.com | www.mppm-palestina.org | www.facebook.com/mppm.movimento.palestina O MPPM é uma Organização Não Governamental acreditada pelo Comité das Nações Unidas para o Exercício dos Direitos Inalienáveis do Povo Palestino (Deliberação de 17 de Setembro de 2009)
Page 2
O MINISTÉRIO DA JUSTIÇA DE PORTUGAL DEVE CESSARA SUA PARTICIPAÇÃO NOPROJECTO EUROPEU «LAW-TRAN» O Ministério da Justiça de Portugal participa, desde 2015, no projecto europeu LAW-TRAIN, financiado pelaUnião Europeia, que visa desenvolver tecnologia para unificar a metodologia para interrogatórios policiais.Um dos seus parceiros neste projecto é o Ministério da Segurança Pública de Israel, responsável pelas forçaspoliciais, que são há muito denunciadas por organizações dos direitos humanos e pelas Nações Unidas porintegrarem nos seus interrogatórios a tortura, os maus tratos, o racismo e outras formas de violação dosdireitos humanos, e responsável também pelas prisões onde se encontram milhares de presos e detidosadministrativos (sem culpa formada) palestinos. O projecto LAW-TRAIN (Mixed reality environment for training teams in joint investigativeinterrogation-lntelligent interrogation training simulator) é coordenado pela universidade israelita deBar-Ilan, e nele participam o Ministério da Segurança Pública de Israel, o Ministério da Justiça de Portugal(através da Polícia Judiciária), o Service Public Fédéral Justice (Ministério da Justiça) da Bélgica e oMinistério do Interior de Espanha/Guardia Civil, a empresa israelita Compedia, a Universidade Católica deLeuven (Bélgica), o INESC-D (Lisboa), a IDENER (Sevilha), e a USECON (Viena). É financiado pela UniãoEuropeia através do programa Horizonte 2020 com o montante de EUR 5 095 687. Com a sua cooperação, a UE e os países participantes no projecto LAW-TRAIN, incluindo Portugal, estão,objectivamente, a validar o sistema israelita de controlo e repressão militar, que inclui metodologias de«interrogatórios» ilegais, e ajudam à sua manutenção, dando-lhe cobertura política e moral. Com isso violamas suas obrigações perante o direito internacional e mancham o seu dever de defender a justiça e os direitoshumanos. A Constituição da República Portuguesa prescreve que Portugal se rege nas relações internacionais pelosprincípios da independência nacional, do respeito dos direitos humanos, dos direitos dos povos. As organizações signatárias, comprometidas com a defesa da liberdade e o respeito pelos direitos humanos,protestam contra este envolvimento de Portugal com entidades que fazem da negação destes valores a suamissão e reclamam do Governo português que faça cessar de imediato a sua participação no projectoLAW

Mr President of the Assembly of the Republic's Committee on Constitutional Affairs, Rights, Freedoms and Guarantees Palacio de S. Bento 1249-068 Lisbon 
Subject: Law Train Project - Request for hearing Lisbon, 26 July 2016
Excelent Mr President Portuguese organizations committed to the defense of freedoms and human rights issues are of particular concern to Portugal's participation in the Law Train project in partnership with the Israeli Ministry of Public Security, which is responsible for the police forces, which have long been denounced by human rights organizations and by the United Nations for integrating torture, ill- treatment, racism and other forms of violation of human rights and is also responsible for arrests of thousands of Palestinian prisoners and administrative detainees. The MPPM - Movement for the Rights of the Palestinian People and for Peace in the Middle East - in representation of the organizations subscribing to the call for Portugal to leave the attached LawTrain project, is requesting an audience so that they can present the position. we expect to receive a favorable response, we subscribe to our respectful National MPPM. "Maria do Céu Guerra º President MPPM - MOVEMENT FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE AND FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE ORIENTEP President of the General Assembly Carlos Araújo Sequeira President of the National Directorate | Maria do Céu Guerra Vice-Presidents | Adel Sidarus, Carlos Almeida, Frei Bento Domingues President of the Fiscal Council | Frederico Gama Carvalho Rua Silva Carvalho, 184 - 19 Dtº | 1250-258 Lisbon | Portugal || Tel. 213889076 | NIPC: 508267030 mppm.palestina MPPM is a non-governmental organization accredited by the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People (Resolution of 17 of September 2009)
Page 2
THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE OF PORTUGAL MUST CEASE ITS PARTICIPATION IN THE EUROPEAN LAW-TRAN PROJECT 
The Portuguese Ministry of Justice has been participating since 2015 in the European project LAW-TRAIN, funded by the European Union, to develop technology to unify the methodology for police interrogations One of its partners in this project is the Israeli Ministry of Public Security, which is responsible for the police forces, which have long been denounced by human rights organizations and the United Nations to include in their interrogations torture, ill-treatment, racism and other forms of human rights violations, and also responsible for prisons where thousands of Palestinian prisoners and administrative detainees (without guilt) are present. The LAW-TRAIN project is coordinated by the Israeli university of Bar Ilan and is attended by the Ministry of Public Security of Israel, the Ministry of Justice of Portugal (through the Ministry of Justice of The Public Service Ministry of Justice of Belgium and the Ministry of the Interior of Spain / Guardia Civil, the Israeli company Compedia, the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), INESC-D (Lisbon), IDENER ( Seville), and USECON (Vienna). It is funded by the European Union through the Horizon 2020 program with an amount of EUR 5 095 687. With their cooperation, the EU and the countries participating in the LAW-TRAIN project,  including Portugal, are objectively validating the Israeli control and military repression, which includes methods of illegal "interrogation", and helps to maintain it, giving it political and moral coverage. They violate their obligations under international law and defile their duty to uphold justice and human rights. The Constitution of the Portuguese Republic prescribes that Portugal is governed in international relations by the principles of national independence, respect for human rights and the rights of peoples. The signatory organizations, committed to the defense of freedom and respect for human rights, protest against this involvement of Portugal with entities that deny these values ​​and demand that the Portuguese Government immediately cease their participation in the project.

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Portugal pulls out of policing project led by Israeli university
Government denies exit from law enforcement training was due to pressure from pro-Palestinian activists
By JTA
26 August 2016, 10:11 am  7
Portugal’s government denied reports that its pullout from a law enforcement project led by Israel’s Bar-Ilan University owed to pressure by pro-Palestinian activists.
 
The departure of Portugal, a main entry point of illegal drugs into Europe, from the LAW-TRAIN project was reported earlier this week by the Lisbon-based Diario de Noticias daily.

Founded last year, the project has funding from the European Union and features innovative training techniques, including computer simulations, for security forces performing interrogations in the fight against international crime.

Diario de Noticias reported that the pullout followed lobbying efforts by Portugal’s Communist Party to have Portugal leave the project, which was co-founded by the European Commission and involves eight partner organizations, of which three are from Israel, including the police. Other partners include the University of Leuven in Belgium and that country’s federal prosecution service; the armed forces of Spain, and the Vienna-based USECON consultancy agency.

The decision to have the Justice Ministry of Portugal leave the program – Diario de Noticias reported that it has cost Lisbon $220,000 – owed to an internal re-prioritization and manpower shortages and “was not politically motivated,” a ministry spokesperson said.

But Fernando Negrao, Portugal’s previous justice minister, said he was surprised by the pullout, which he added he “regrets very much.” It falls, he said, “within the budgetary and organizational responsibilities” of the ministry.

Efforts to isolate Israel commercially and politically have generally not succeeded in Portugal, which has a relatively small Muslim population of several tens of thousands of people who hail mostly from southern Asia and Africa. The ministry’s pullout, however, has been celebrated by local activists of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel, or BDS, as a rare victory.

In addition to Bar-Ilan University and the Israel Police, the LAW-TRAIN project’s third Israeli partner organization is Compedia, a leading developer of interactive educational systems, content and technology.

The LAW-TRAIN project uses, among other techniques, augmented-reality glasses that help investigators immerse themselves in interrogation situations.



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What is LAW-TRAIN?
LAW-TRAIN is a multinational project, having technical, methodological and end-user partners from different countries, for creating a new and innovative way of training joint investigative interviews. The project aims to establish a training system that offers the opportunity to train for joint investigative interviews within a virtual environment and with virtual and real characters. Within the project time frame of 36 months, the partners will create a framework and scenarios for teaching interviews concerning international drug trafficking, and to educate police personnel in such interviews.
Find out more about the main goals and objectives of LAW-TRAIN, the ethical issues we follow as well as the challenges that lie in the project explained by the project partners in our Highlight Video on the left.

Why?
Crime, such as drug trafficking, is a multi-national issue which often leads to cross-border investigations, and these are beset by obstacles and miscommunication due to different cultural and legal aspects. With LAW-TRAIN, the police forces can cut costs while effectively training their officers in the conduct of joint investigative interviews through the virtual training platform.

Caption: The 3D virtual environments could be experienced through Augmented Virtual Reality Glasses. This latest version of the 3D environments was presented by the technical partner Com-pedia.
Caption: The 3D virtual environments could be experienced through Augmented Virtual Reality Glasses. This latest version of the 3D environments was presented by the technical partner Com-pedia.

Caption: At the recent Consortium Meeting in Vienna End of November, the partners firstly had the chance to view and interact with the latest version of the state of the art 3D virtual environments for the LAW-TRAIN platform. © LAW-TRAIN
Caption: At the recent Consortium Meeting in Vienna End of November, the partners firstly had the chance to view and interact with the latest version of the state of the art 3D virtual environments for the LAW-TRAIN platform.
© LAW-TRAIN

Methodology & Training Goals of LAW-TRAIN
Three training goals within the framework of preparing and executing an interview with a suspect in a transnational drug trafficking case are set forth: (a) Training ad hoc virtual team coordination skills, (b) training transnational collaboration and collaborative decision-making skills, and (c) training competencies in investigative interviewing.

The training trajectory comprises four phases. In the first step, trainees individually prepare to interview a suspect by tackling the specific drug trafficking case in detail. In the second phase, the entire multi-national team meets virtually and discusses the case and prepares the interview (both the formal/legal and the content preparation). In the third phase, trainees start interviewing the suspect. The virtual suspect is programmed is such a way that he will respond to a desirable questioning style of the interviewer (e.g. using neutral open-ended questions) by giving (more) truthful information.

In the fourth and final phase, the individual trainees and the team as a whole will receive detailed feedback on their performance and the quality of the interview by the virtual trainer, who is also an integrated part of the training tool. The methodology used in this project, and consequently in the training as such, will uphold all European and international rules and regulations, including the European Convention on Human Rights. The training of the interview will be based on investigative interviewing (and more in particular, the PEACE-model). This model has been recommended by the United Nations as the best model to prevent mistreatment and coercion of suspects and to safeguard the human rights of suspects.

Ethical Guidelines of LAW-TRAIN
LAW-TRAIN bears on issues that have deep legal and ethical relevance – crime, suspects, and investigative interviewing. This makes the partners to the project very vigilant on these issues. Consequently, the LAW-TRAIN project abides by all national legal and ethical requirements of the states in which its research is being performed. Also, recommendations and regulations regarding ethics in science and new technologies of the European commission have been and will be met throughout the project, and so are any national and international regulations that concern European research projects.

Please find further information on how LAW-TRAIN makes sure to fulfil European Standards concerning data safety and privacy, ethical standards and guidelines in socioeconomic research, investigative interviewing and the suspect’s rights here.

Recent News of LAW-TRAIN
LAW-TRAIN successful at CEPOL 2017
From 28th to 30rd November, CEPOL 2017 Research and Science Conference took place in National University of Public Service, Budapest, Hungary. We are proud of the fact that we have been successfully presented LAW-TRAIN to an interested audience. CEPOL 2017 – Research and Science Conference The CEPOL 2017 Research and Science Conference was visited by […]

Read more
LAW-TRAIN – major success at Milipol 2017
LAW-TRAIN’s presentation received a very positive echo among the visitors at MILIPOL Paris 2017. Interested people had the possibility to gain information at the stand and try out the virtual training platform or be part of an exhibitor workshop. Milipol – leading event of homeland security Milipol Paris owes its reputation as leading event of […]

Read more
Exhibitor Workshop at Milipol 2018
From 21st to 24th November, Milipol 2017, the leading event for homeland security takes place in Paris-Nord Villepinte Exhibition Centre – Hall 6. Milipol Paris is organized under the patronage of the French Ministry of Interior in partnership with several governmental bodies. LAW-TRAIN will be exhibiting as well as holding a workshop. On November 23 […]

Read more


 European R&D Unit

LAW - TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653587.



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http://www.law-train.eu/eu-project-law-train-press-release/

LAW - TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant
agreement No 653587.
Vienna (AUT), December 21st 2016 LAW-TRAIN – Development of a virtual interviewing training system that aims to fight against drug crime
The European Union is funding the international Horizon 2020 project “LAW-TRAIN”, which will be established for the training of intercultural, cross-border, collaborative interviewing situations for European security authorities. The project consortium which is composed of universities, national governments, as well as companies from different fields of expertise, has run for over three years.
LAW-TRAIN aims and context
LAW-TRAIN’s vision is the development of a virtual training platform for European security authorities who belong to different organizations and countries. This platform aims to improve the abilities of these entities in the area of collaborative interviewing of virtual suspects. LAW-TRAIN’s long-term objective is to fight international drug crime through an improved collaboration between security authorities in the form of multicultural and multinational “Ad-hoc teams”.
The training platform is based around three different key innovations within LAW-TRAIN that rest on findings from extensive research in the fields of computer science and criminology. “Virtual Suspects” (VS) that have no ethnic characteristics, provide various changing attributes and parameters leading to multiple investigation scenarios in a realistic environment. The innovative development of a mixed reality simulator creates the potential of two different investigation rooms. The 3D environment is experienced by either a virtual reality headset or through regular computer monitors. The operating security authority, the “Trainee”, will be supported by a “Virtual Trainer” (VT) who will not only supervise the training sequences, but will also provide real-time feedback in order to improve the individual training results. LAW-TRAIN differs in comparison to other existing applications in particular by the possibility of multinational, collaborative trainings. Because of the virtual nature of the system, the simulator will be accessible from any country at any given time and following provides a round the clock training possibility. LAW-TRAIN differs from other existing applications in the prospect of multinational, collaborative training. Due to the virtual nature of the system, the simulator is accessible from any country at any given time, enabling the potential of round the clock training. Furthermore, to reach the state of the art, a coordination phase has been created to supplement the training phase. This phase gives Trainees the possibility of verbal and contextual exchanges within a multinational environment, as well as providing valuable experience in building new contacts with Trainees of different nationalities.
Status Quo at half-time of LAW-TRAIN
After the Kick-Off Meeting which took place in May 2015, the multinational consortium now looks back on the past first half-time of the project including the successful completion of several milestones. What has happened since the start of the project and where does LAW-TRAIN stand today in month 19 of 36?
LAW - TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant
agreement No 653587.
The Structure and Content of LAW-TRAIN
LAW-TRAIN has been subdivided into eight content-related diverse working packages that have
different responsibilities. The project management phase in conjunction with the dissemination &
exploitation phase run throughout the duration of the project. Other working packages often
interdepend on each other’s results.
Firstly in WP2, the user’s needs and requirements for the investigation methodology are defined,
formulated in detail, and then subsequently developed in WP3. To ensure the best practice concerning
the interviewing procedure, we decided to utilize the PEACE-Model. This respects all European and
international rules and regulations regarding questioning and the human rights of the suspect. Finally
the comprehensive legal framework has been built with respect to intercultural aspects.
The developed methods are then integrated into a virtual context. It is necessary to not only create
the virtual platform and infrastructure, but also the virtual interviewing environments, the VS and the
VT. LAW-TRAIN will provide different interview scenarios along with the creation of male and female
VS with various characteristics ensuring cross-national collaboration. It is crucial to create new
mechanisms which measure, support and display abilities in the areas of Interview, coordination, and
group leading skills. Measuring the Trainee’s progress will allow them to develop and improve their
abilities in these the areas. This virtual improvement will transfer into long-term success in the real
world. All modules and optimized interfaces will be integrated during working package 7, which has
already begun.
Milestones successfully reached within the working packages
The specification phases concerning the definition of the user needs and requirements have been
successfully completed, and the second phase regarding the formulation of methodological
approaches are soon to be finalized. The system design has been completed and the alpha version for
the implementation of virtual training tools will be progressed to a beta version in a few weeks. The
LAW - TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant
agreement No 653587.
integration of developed modules has begun and the first version of both 3D environments in regards
to the virtual development of the platform, VS and VT have been completed. An investigation room
which abides by EU regulations as well as a court room are now available for interview training.
Furthermore, the interaction between VS and VT is now possible. Language and interaction volumes
are currently extended through actual data collections with the end users of the project.
At half-time on the project, all partners looked back on the successful cooperation as well as the
completion of all required milestones before the deadline. The consortium is very optimistic and
motivated regarding the work and progress in the second half of LAW-TRAIN.
For further information about the project please visit:
LAW - TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant
agreement No 653587.
Caption: At the recent Consortium Meeting in Vienna End of November, the partners firstly had the chance to view and interact with the
latest version of the state of the art 3D virtual environments for the LAW-TRAIN platform.
© LAW-TRAIN
Caption: The 3D virtual environments could be experienced through Augmented Virtual Reality Glasses. This latest version of the 3D environments
was presented by the technical partner Compedia.
© LAW-TRAIN
Contact
European R&D Unit






LAW-TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant
agreement No 653587.
Vienna (AUT), March, 10th 2016 LAW-TRAIN welcomes new partner
The international Horizon 2020 project “LAW-TRAIN”, would like to welcome a new partner on board: Inspectoratul General al Politiei Romane – the central unit of the Romanian Police. They will act as end user partners together with Guardia Civil from Spain, Ministry of Public Security & Israel National Police as well as the Belgian Federal Prosecutor. Their main task within the project is to utilize their experience in crime investigations to develop the system further.
The central unit of the Romanian Police has general territorial competences and leads, guides and controls all the subordinated police units, investigates serious crimes related to organized crime groups, economic and financial crimes, or other crimes which are part of penal cases supervised by the Prosecutor Office of the High Court of Cassation and Justice of Romania.
Romanian Police is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and is the specialized state institution, with responsibilities for protecting the fundamental rights and liberties of the persons, the private and public property, preventing and investigating crimes, ensuring respect for the public order, accordingly to the law.
The Consortium is glad to have one more experienced partner in the project and is very much looking forward to a successful cooperation.
About LAW-TRAIN
The European Union is funding the international Horizon 2020 project “LAW-TRAIN”, which will be established for the training of intercultural, cross-border, collaborative interviewing situations for European security authorities. The project consortium which is composed of universities, national governments, as well as companies from different fields of expertise, has run for over three years.
For further information about the project please visit:
Contact
European R&D Unit




Press release project launch Logo LAW‐TRAIN
LAW ‐ TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research 1
and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653587.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Vienna (AUT), June 11 2015
EU Project LAW‐TRAIN to fight international crime
ICT Research Initiative aims to develop an interrogation training system
The European Commission is funding the project Mixed‐reality environment for training teams in
joint investigative interrogation‐Intelligent interrogation training simulator (LAW‐TRAIN), which is led
by Bar Ilan University, Department of Computer Science.
Interrogations of suspects in international crime are very difficult. To be successful in such
interrogations, sophisticated skills, familiarity with different cultures, laws and methods and crossborder
teamwork are necessary. Delineating a methodology and training law enforcement agents on
how to conduct such interrogations is the key to fighting these crimes.
Training for such scenarios by role‐playing simulations is highly complex, since it requires one or
more experienced actors to play the roles of the suspects, witnesses or victims. This requirement
limits the number of possible training sessions and scenarios and requires careful scheduling.
Virtual training for effective crime protection
The EU project LAW‐TRAIN, which started with a kick‐off meeting in June in Ramat Gan (Israel), aims
to develop a mixed‐reality serious gaming platform, which will provide training opportunities for
teams of international interrogators anytime and anywhere. Within the platform, a virtual suspect
that generates verbal and physical response can be interrogated. The system will provide tools to
easily generate new characters and scenarios. An intervention agent will follow the training and
comment online on the team members’ performance.
Augmented reality glasses will be used to create enhanced realism of the interrogation situation.
Each of the trainees will have access to the information system of its own country and will be able to
share this information with the other trainees to simulate real investigations.
Sarit Kraus, Professor of Computer Science at Bar Ilan University and coordinator of the project,
highlights the benefits of the expected results: ‘The LAW‐TRAIN project will allow law enforcement
personnel from different countries located in different sites to conduct a collaborative investigative
interrogation of one or more suspects. All the investigators will see each other and work as a team.
With the generated database we have a powerful tool to fight international organized crime.’
Multidisciplinary Research
The LAW‐TRAIN consortium is composed of experienced experts and end users in the fields of
technology, computer science, law and criminology, serious gaming and user experience, from
different parts of Europe. It provides the expertise and experience needed to overcome the
challenges of international interrogations to fight organized crime.
As project coordinator the Bar Ilan University brings in its long experience of teaching in a multicultural
environment and will participate in the content development. The Katholieke Universiteit
Leuven will research on and develop the interrogation methodology. The Portugal based
Press release project launch Logo LAW‐TRAIN
LAW ‐ TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research 2
and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653587.
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Investigação E D will be responsible for the
development of the pedagogical agents and the neuro‐linguistic programming. Compedia and
Optimización orientada a la sostenibilidad S.L. are companies with vast experience in the
development of training platforms and serious games. The Austrian consultancy firm USECON will
ensure that LAW‐TRAIN objectives stay aligned with user needs and that user‐based requirements
are specified in enough detail to be usable in the implementation phase. In addition, Guardia Civil,
Ministry of Public Security, Israel National Police, The Belgian Federal Prosecutor and Policia
Judiciária will utilize their experience in interrogation and crime fighting to develop the system.
For further information about the project please visit:
Press contact
USECON GmbH
Constantin Witt‐Dörring
Businesspark MARXIMUM
Modecenterstraße 17 / Objekt 2
1110 Vienna, Austria
Phone: +41/1/743 54 15
Fax: +43/1/743 54 15 ‐ 30
Main contact
Bar Ilan University
Bar Ilan University Campus
52900 Ramat Gan, Israel
Prof. Sarit Kraus
Project Facts
LAW‐TRAIN – Mixed‐reality environment for training teams in joint investigative interrogation‐
Intelligent interrogation training simulator
Project Reference: 653587
Project Funding: H2020‐FCT‐2014: Law enforcement capabilities topic 3: Pan European platform for
serious gaming and training
Total cost: 5.1 Million Euro
Duration: 36 months
Not for publication
For more information you can also contact:
Bar Ilan University (IL) (Coordinator)
Sarit Kraus
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE)
Geert Vervaeke
Press release project launch Logo LAW‐TRAIN
LAW ‐ TRAIN has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research 3
and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653587.
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Investigação E D (PT)
Ana Paiva
Optimización orientada a la sostenibilidad S.L. (ES)
Carlos Leyva Guerrero
USECON ‐ The Usability Consultants GmbH (AT)
Markus Murtinger
Compedia (IL)
Shai Newman
Phone: +972 54 4209 420
MINISTERIO DEL INTERIOR (ES)
Manuel Santiago
Ministry of Public Security (IL)
Moshe Levi
Phone: +972 8 9124 356
Le Service Public Federal Justice (BE)
Federal Prosecutor's Office of Belgium
Frederic Vanleeuw
Phone: +32 2557 77 76
Ministério da Justiça (PT)
Luisa Proença


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Legal Opinion: Experts Confirm Israel’s Torture Makes EU-Funding Of “LAW TRAIN” Illegal




Palestinian Grassroots Anti-apartheid Wall Campaign

To coincide with the International Day Against Torture, twenty-five prominent legal experts released a document demonstrating that the European Union-funded project LAW TRAIN breaches EU regulations and international law concerning human rights violations, and therefore must be stopped.

LAW TRAIN brings together the Israeli Police, the Israeli Ministry for Public Security (IMPS) and European police forces, universities and private companies with the aim of “harmonizing and sharing interrogation techniques between the countries”. The EU is funding this project with over 5 million euros, as part of its Horizon2020 programme for research and innovation.

In their expert opinion, the legal scholars argue that the EU cannot fund the Israeli Ministry for Public Security, which oversees the Israeli police as well the Israeli Prison Service and the secret service, without violating its own regulations. They document how the IMPS is responsible for or complicit in torture, other crimes against humanity and war crimes, and therefore guilty of grave professional misconduct as defined by the European Union’s Financial Regulations.
Prof. Michel Waelbroeck, author of this legal analysis, said:
The use of torture by Israeli interrogators has been extensively documented in the international and Israeli press and confirmed by international investigators and by Israeli interrogators themselves. In June 2016, the UN Committee against Torture denounced Israel’s use of torture and its illegal, abusive techniques during interrogations by its police and prison staff. 
The European Union’s participation in the LAWTRAIN project, and its allocation of funds to the Israel  Ministry of Public Security through this project, therefore violates the EU’s own norms.
Signatories of this legal analysis include Professor Richard Falk (former UN Special Rapporteur on Palestinian Human Rights), Professor John Dugard (former Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory), Professor Laurens Jan Brinkhorst (former member of the Dutch Government and former Director General at the European Commission), among others.
Tom Moerenhout, endorser of the legal analysis said:
The EU should immediately stop the participation and allocation of funds to the Israel Ministry of Public Security through the LAW TRAIN project and set up criteria to ensure no repeat of such funding happens. Not only should the EU Commission work in line with the EU’s stated commitment to combat torture, it has to respect international law and EU norms in all its activities.
LAW TRAIN and other EU funded projects with the Israeli military and security sector show that the ethics and legal checks of the EU Commission are insufficient and need urgent review and more democratic overview.
In August last years, the Portuguese Ministry of Justice shut down its participation in the project due to pressure from Portuguese civil society and members of parliament .
Palestinian and European civil society and human rights organisations, including the World Organisation Against Torture and members of the European Parliament, have also raised critical questions regarding the LAW TRAIN project and implications of the participation of the Israeli military, police and homeland security sector in EU funding programs.
To read the full legal opinion and see the full list of signatories, see here.

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Stop Belgian cooperation with the Israeli police



Stop Law Train - logo


The Belgian Federal Public Service - Justice and the Catholic University of Leuven are collaborating with the Israeli police on the LAW-TRAIN project on interrogation techniques, in which the “expertise” of Israel in this field is utilized. This collaboration must end.
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The Belgian Federal Public Service - Justice and the Catholic University of Leuven are collaborating with the Israeli police on the LAW-TRAIN project on interrogation techniques, in which the “expertise” of Israel in this field is utilized.
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Joint Open Letter to EU Authorities - RE: LAW TRAIN project aimed at harmonizing and sharing interrogation techniques between Israel, Belgium and Spain
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